People by nature love different forms of entertainment, primarily acting. Due to the imaginative minds of humans, there started the creation of theater. Ever since its introduction, theater has become a very entertaining form of art for most audiences. And now, it continuously grows with even more advanced and creative types. People often discuss live theatre is better than cinema.
Whether spelled as theater or theatre, it is a joint type of fine art, which employs live performers in order to represent the experience or situation of an imagined or a real event in front of the live audience inside a particular place. In a theatre play, the performers might communicate the experience to their audiences through mixtures of speech, dance, music, song and gesture.
Elements of stagecraft and design are utilized in order to improve the immediacy, presence and physicality of such experience. The word “theatre” is also used to describe the particular place where the performance is held.
Contemporary Western theatre obtains an extensive measure from the drama of the ancient Greek, from which it uses category into genres, technical terminology, and several plot elements, theme, and stock characters from it. Patrice Pavis, a well known theatre scholar, defines theatrical language, theatricality, theatre’s specificity, and theatrical language as synonymous words, which distinguish theatre from any other literature, performing arts, and the arts on the whole.
Broadly defined, theatre today involves performances of musicals and plays, operas, ballets, and different other forms.
History of Theatre
Classical and Hellenistic Greece has been the first origins of theatre. To be exact, it is the state-city of Athens in which Western theatre mainly originated. This has been a part of the broader culture of performance and theatricality in classical Greece, which had included religious, rituals, festivals, athletics, music, weddings, symposia, gymnastics and athletics, law, politics, and poetry.
Civic participation has also included the assessment of the orators’ rhetoric witnessed in the performances inside the political assembly or law-court. Both of them were discovered as comparable to the theater and gradually more came to soak up its dramatic vocabulary. The early Greeks were also the ones who developed the ideas about dramatic criticism, career acting as well as theatre architecture. The ancient Greece’s theatre was consisted of 3 forms of drama, namely comedy, tragedy, and the satyr play.
Western Theatre has greatly expanded and developed under the influence of Romans. The ancient Rome’s theatre was a diverse and thriving form of art, which ranges from street theatre festival performances, acrobatics, and nude dancing, to the enactment of the widely attractive situation comedies of Plautus, to the verbally elaborate, high style Seneca’s tragedies. Theatre employed several alternate forms within the West primarily between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries, which include melodrama and commedia dell’arte. The overall trend was far from the Renaissance’s and Greeks’ poetic drama and toward the more naturalistic text form of dialogue, particularly pursuing the Industrial Revolution.
Different Types of Theatre
With the huge development of theatre in many different parts of the globe, more and more people are starting to love its style. It has even complemented in the education system of different schools, allowing students to perform on stage as part of their curriculum. Students have been encouraged to participate in acting classes to enhance their skills. They are even encouraged to be accustomed to the different types of theatre, which primarily include the following:
A particular fiction mode represented in a performance, drama is one type of theatre. The term “drama” is derived from the Greek word that means “action”. The performance of drama within theatre, executed by actors on the stage in front of the audiences, assumes collaborative production modes and a collective reception form. Different from other types of literature, the dramatic texts’ structure is influenced directly by the collective reception and collaborative production.
Drama is typically mixed with dance and music. In opera, the drama is normally sung throughout. Musicals typically include both songs and spoken dialogue, while other drama forms have musical accompaniments or incidental music underscoring a dialogue.
- Musical Theatre
Since ancient times, music and theatre already had a connecting relationship. For instance, Athenian tragedy was a dance-drama form that used chorus which parts were actually sung to the aulos’ accompaniment. It is an instrument similar to a contemporary clarinet. Contemporary musical theatre is the theatre form, which also mixes dance, music, and spoken dialogue. Musical theatre might be created on the intimate level Off-Broadway, in local theatres and in any other place, yet it normally includes spectacle.
Theatre productions, which employ humor as a way to represent a story, may qualify as a form of comedy. This can include the modern farce like “Boeing Boeing” or the classical play like “As You Like It”. Theatres that express taboo, bleak or controversial subject matter within a humorous manner intentionally is termed as “black comedy”.
According to Aristotle, tragedy is the imitation of a certain action, which is complete, serious and on a certain level. In language, it is embellished with every form of artistic ornament on which the many forms are found in different portions of the play. It is in the action form, not a narrative. It is through fear and pity effecting the right purgation of the emotions.
Tragedy denotes to a certain drama tradition, which has played a distinctive and essential role historically within the self definition of Western Civilization. Such tradition discontinuous and has become multiple, but the term has usually been utilized to summon a dominant effect of historical continuity and cultural identity.
One of the consistent features of theatre, improvisation has been popularized by Dario Fo, a Nobel Prize winner. The first form of improvisation being recognized is known as the Commedia dell’arte during the 16th century.
Improvisational theatre manages to continuously evolve with several different philosophies and streams. Viola Spolin and Keith Johnstone are known as the first improvisation teachers in modern age. Johnstone explored improvisation as the alternative to the scripted theatre while Spolin explored improvisation mainly as the tool for improving dramatic skills or work or as a situational comedy form.
Knowing these facts about theatre, you can tell how far it goes from the past hundred years. So, use them as your way to appreciate this amazing form of art.